CakePHP Interview Questions and Answers for fresher + experienced

CakePHP Interview Questions and Answers for fresher + experienced
Here we’ll discuss about some basic and advanced cakephp interview questions and answers which are most ask-able questions during interview session, These CakePHP questions and answers will help you to crack CakePHP technical interview round.
cakephp-interview-question-answer

Question: What is Cakephp?

CakePHP is a free, open-source, MVC (Model, View, Controller) rapid development framework for PHP. It’s a framework which help you to make development fast and secure. CakePHP goal is to enable developers to work in a structured and rapid manner–without loss of flexibility.


Question: What is MVC in CakePHP?

Model view controller (MVC) is an architectural pattern used in software engineering.
Model: Handle database related functionality, manipulating database related query like add, edit , delete.
View: Design parts written here (HTML+PHP)
Controller: Business Logic goes here

Question: What Is The Name Of Cakephp Database Configuration File Name And Its Location?

FileName: database.php.default
Location: /app/config/database.php.default

Question: What is First cakphpe file loaded in application?

bootstrap.php


Question: What is the folder structure of CakePHP?

cakephp/
app/
Config/
Console/
Controller/
Lib/
  Locale/
  Model/
  Plugin/
  Test/
  tmp/
  Vendor/
  View/
  webroot/
    .htaccess
  index.php
 
 lib/
 plugins/
 vendors/
 .htaccess/
 index.php/
 README.md/

Question:What Is The Use Of Security.Salt And Security.CipherSeed In Cakephp?

The Security.salt is used for generating hashes.
The Security.cipherseed is used for encrypt/decrypt strings.

Question: What is default function for a controller?

function index() is default function in controller.


Question:Which function is executed before every action in the controller?

function beforeFilter()

Question: What Is Scaffolding In Cakephp?

Scaffolding is a technical way that allows a developer to define and create a basic application that can create, retrieve, update and delete objects.

Question: List some of the features in CakePHP?

* MVC architecture
* In-Built validations
* Caching
* Scaffolding
* CSRF protection via Security Component.
* Access Control Lists and Authentication and creating role management system.

Question: How to add Scaffolding in your application?

By adding $scaffold variable in the controller see following example.

<?php
class PostsController extends AppController {
    var $scaffold;
}
?>

Question: How To Include Components In Controller?

<?php
class PostsController extends AppController {
    public $components = array('Emails', 'Paging', 'HTML2PDF');
}
?>

Question: How To Get Current URL In CakePHP?

echo $this->here;

Question: How To Get Controller Name In CakePHP Views?

$this->request->params['controller']



Question: How To Get Controller Action Name In CakePHP Views?

$this->request->params['action']

Question: Which Methods Are Used To bind And Destroy Model Associations?

bindModel() : used to bind Model Associations
unbindModel() : used to destroy Model Associations

Question: What Is The Default Extension Of view files In Cakephp?

.ctp

Question: What is a Helper in CakePHP?

Helpers in CakePHP are associated with Presentation layers of application.Helpers mainly contain presentational logic which is available to share between many views, elements, or layouts

Question:What is a Behavior in CakePHP?

Behaviors in CakePHP are associated with Models.Behaviors are used to change the way models behaves and enforcing model to act as something else.

Question: What is the difference between Component, Helper, Behavior?

Component is a Controller extension, Helpers are View extensions, Behavior is a Model Extension.

Question: How to set variables for views?

$this->set('name','Rohit Kumar');

Question: How to set layout for controller

By adding $layout variable in the controller see following example.

<?php
class PostsController extends AppController {
    public $layout = 'layoutname';
}
?>

Setting layout for particular action,
layout = ‘layoutname’;
}
}
?>

Question: How to write, read and delete the Session in cakephp?

$this->Session->write(‘User.name’, ‘Rohit Kumar’);
$black = $this->Session->read(‘User.name’);
$this->Session->delete(‘User’);

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